Kyrgyzstan or Kyrgyz Republic (the country officially uses the names Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz Republic)-a country in Central Asia, the state in the Western and Central part of the Tien Shan mountains. It borders Kazakhstan in the North, Uzbekistan in the West, Tajikistan in the South — West, China in the South-East and East.
The capital is Bishkek, which is the largest city by area and population.
The country occupies 85th place in the world (199,951 km2) and 7th place among the CIS countries. Location: from Fergana valley in the West to the Central part of Tien Shan from the East, from Kazakhstan from the North to the Northern part of Pamir from the South. The population is estimated at 26 November 2015 reached 6 million people, 111st place in the world in terms of population.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It lies between latitudes 39° and 44° N, and longitudes 69° and 81° E. It is farther from the sea than any other individual country, and all its rivers flow into closed drainage systems which do not reach the sea. The mountainous region of the Tian-Shan covers over 80% of the country (Kyrgyzstan is occasionally referred to as “the Switzerland of Central Asia”, as a result), with the remainder made up of valleys and basins.
Issyk-Kul Lake, or Ysyk-Köl in Kyrgyz, in the north-eastern Tian Shan is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan and the second largest mountain lake in the world after Titicaca. The highest peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too range, forming the Chinese border. Peak Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the highest point and is considered by geologists to be the northernmost peak over 7,000 m (22,966 ft) in the world. Heavy snowfall in winter leads to spring floods which often cause serious damage downstream. The runoff from the mountains is also used for hydro-electricity.
The climate varies regionally. The low-lying Fergana Valley in the southwest is subtropical and extremely hot in summer, with temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F) The northern foothills are temperate and the Tian Shan varies from dry continental to polar climate, depending on elevation. In the coldest areas temperatures are sub-zero for around 40 days in winter, and even some desert areas experience constant snowfall in this period. In the lowlands the temperature ranges from around -−6 °C (21 °F) in January to 24 °C (75 °F) in July.
BEST TIME TO VISIT TO KYRGYZSTAN
The weather is clear and warm between April and October. Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country with a sharp continental climate. The average summer temperature is 25-30 degrees. (77 – 86 fahrenheit).
The best time for trekking, mountaineering and other trips – from the second half of June to September inclusive. At the top of the mountains the temperature changes very quickly: sudden rain, snow or cold nights are not unexpected. Winter holidays are available from December to February.
From the countries of the former Soviet Union visa is required only to citizens of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic countries. Other countries of the former USSR do not require a visa to visit Kyrgyzstan. For the countries of the” far abroad ” Kyrgyz visa is relatively easy to obtain, as our country is open to tourists.
You can get a tourist visa at any Embassy of Kyrgyzstan or Consular Department by prior invitation. The cost of a Visa varies and costs differently in different countries.
You can get a visa in the Russian or Kazakh Representation, if there is no Representation of the Kyrgyz Republic in Your country.
Visa can be issued directly upon arrival at the international airport” Manas ” in Kyrgyzstan.
- Citizens of the following countries (45 countries) are exempted from visa requirements for up to 60 days for staying on the territory of Kyrgyzstan:
- Citizens of the following countries (67 countries) can obtain Kyrgyz visas in a simplified manner (that is, after arrival in Kyrgyzstan):
BORDER ZONE PERMISSION
Crossing one of the border areas of Kyrgyzstan, for example: Chatkal district and Alay valley on the border with Tajikistan, check Point “Irkeshtam” (border with China), check Point “Torugart pass” ( border with China), the region of the ridge “Borkoldoi” and rivers “Uzengi-Kush”, the area of the rivers “Sary-Djaz” and “Enylchek”travellers must have a special permission (*permit) to stay in the Area of Border Control.
Tourists arriving in Kyrgyzstan and planning a trip to the border areas should take care of the permit in advance. The company “AdvenLife Travel” can issue this permission within one month. To apply for a permit please contact us.
For a travel in the Kyrgyz Republic, it is recommended to issue at the place of residence insurance: medical and accident. Before the start of the organization of mountain expeditions, the company “AdvenLife Travel” will require full passport data, sometimes copies of passports, insurance policy for pre-registration of permits, without which it will not be possible to carry out rescue work and use medical services.
AdvenLife Travel can book accommodation anywhere in Kyrgyzstan, in all types of hotels, guest houses, Yurt camps or organize a tent camp in the mountains anywhere you want.
We have signed agreements with hotels in all major cities of Kyrgyzstan. Contracts for booking places with boarding houses located on lake Issyk-Kul, as well as organize accommodation according to Your ideas and wishes of rest on Issyk Kul.
Such specific types of accommodation as in guest houses and yurts are possible in many villages of Kyrgyzstan. Yurt camps are usually set up in places that can be reached only by four-wheel drive transport or on a horse, for example: on Son-Kul, in Djety-Oguz, Suusamyr or on Tosor, etc.
COMMUNICATION SERVICES AND INTERNET
The most convenient type of communication in Kyrgyzstan are Mobile phones. The cellular network covers all populated regions of the Republic. In the mountains, mobile communication, as a rule, does not work. Internet access can be obtained through a mobile phone or using the services of Internet cafes, the network of which is developed in large cities. International calls can also be made from a mobile phone or from an Internet café. If necessary, it is possible to use “THURAYA” satellite communication.
LANGUAGE OF COMMUNICATION
The official languages of communication are Kyrgyz and Russian. In the South of the country, many people speak Uzbek. In recent years, English, German or French languages learning has become popular among young people.
EQIUPMENT AND CLOTHING
In summer, the climate is quite hot, but the humidity is not very high, so the heat is well tolerated. In summer you will feel comfortable in light clothes made of cotton and light materials. But on Issyk-Kul and in the mountains in the evenings it is quite cool, so we advise you for evening walks and for long excursions to stock up with light jackets and sweaters. For a tours in the mountains, you should bring suitable good trekking boots, a few warm fleece jackets, a pair of trekking socks, sunscreen, raincoat, gloves, minimum 40 liter backpack, sleeping bag (+10, 0 or – 2, 5), trekking poles, termarest or sleeping pads, hats, capes , and of couse a good mood =)).
Kyrgyz national cuisine is characterized by a variety of meat, dairy and flour dishes. Kyrgyz cuisine continues to maintain its national identity, the methods of cooking many dishes have not undergone significant changes, but in cooking there are new, not familiar in the past dishes, the food has become much more diverse. In Kyrgyzstan, you can find a lot of food of other nationalities such as Uighur, Dungan, Russian, European and Asian.
NATIONAL CURRANCY AND EXCANGE
National currency of Kyrgyzstan is represented by ten denominations of banknotes: 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 5000 soms and coins in denominations of 10 and 50 tyiyns, and 1, 3 and 5 kgs. One som is equal to 100 tyins, but, in fact, the tyiyn are used quite rarely. Sometimes there are 50 tyiyn, but most often the smallest unit is 1 kgs.
You can exchange currency directly at the Airport, as well as in exchange offices, which are many in large cities. A passport is required in the Banks, little currency exchange offices do nor require the passport.
– December 31-new year,
– January 7-Orthodox Christmas,
– Orozo-AIT on the lunar calendar,
– March 21-Nooruz,
– Kurman-AIT on the lunar calendar,
– May 1-international workers ‘ day,
– May 5-Constitution day,
– May 9-Victory day,
– August 31-Independence day.
Muslims -75%, Orthodox-20%, the rest-5%
Current information can be clarified by a specialist on the phone/whatsapp +996 555 006 191 +996 555 213 713 or email firstname.lastname@example.org